Investigation of the Effect of High-Intensity Training on Mineral and Thyroid Hormone Metabolism of Athletes

Savaş AYHAN, Ercan TİZAR, Ramazan ERDOĞAN



It is observed that there are physiological changes in the organism as a result of long-term training, but the mineral and hormonal effects of regular and submaximal exercises have not been fully revealed. This study was conducted to determine the effect of eight-week high-intensity training on mineral and thyroid hormone metabolism of badminton athletes. The research group consisted of 24 volunteer male athletes licensed in the badminton branch. Considering the badminton competition period, an eight-week, ninety-minute training program was applied to the research group, three days a week. Within the scope of the training, 10-15 minutes of warm-up time, 50-60 minutes of badminton training and studies to improve basic motoric features, and 5-10 minutes of cool-down exercises were made at the end of the training. Blood samples were taken from the athletes in the research group twice, before the start of the training program and at the end of the training. In the blood samples taken as a result of the training, the athletes; thyroid hormones (TSH, T3, T4), sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, levels were determined. The obtained data were analyzed using the SPSS 22 package program and the significance was accepted as p>0.05. As a result of the research, it was determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the thyroid hormone metabolism, TSH and T3 pre-post test values of the athletes (p<0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference between the T4 values and the pre-post test values (p>0.05). When the mineral levels of the athletes were evaluated as a result of the training, it was determined that there was a statistically significant difference in the Sodium, Potassium and Magnesium pre-post-test levels (p<0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the calcium pre-post-test level (p>0.05). As a result, it was observed that eight-week high-intensity training caused changes on the mineral and thyroid hormone metabolism of the athletes. In this context if the trainings to be applied are designed considering these physiological changes, it will positively affect the performance of the athlete.

Keywords: Badminton, Mineral Metabolism, Thyroid Hormones, Training

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